Who Built Great Mosque of Isfahan?

Who Built Great Mosque of Isfahan?

The central sanctuary was built under the direction of Niẓām al-Mulk, vizier to the Seljuq ruler Malik-Shāh, probably between 1070 and 1075. It stands at the south end of the courtyard. Its large brick dome is supported by 12 heavy piers. Great Mosque of Eṣfahān, Iran.

What is the Great Mosque of Isfahan known for?

It is the oldest preserved edifice of its type in Iran and a prototype for later mosque designs throughout Central Asia. The complex, covering more than 20,000 m2, is also the first Islamic building that adapted the four-courtyard layout of Sassanid palaces to Islamic religious architecture.

What is unusual about the Great Mosque of Isfahan?

The Great Mosque of Isfahan in Iran is unique in this regard and thus enjoys a special place in the history of Islamic architecture. Far from being an insular sacred monument, the mosque facilitated public mobility and commercial activity thus transcending its principal function as a place for prayer alone.

What is the Great Mosque of Isfahan made out of?

Made up of a large central courtyard surrounded by a two story arcade. Brick piers and columns which support the roof system. The mosque is a four iwan design. Iwan- vaulted, or open space on three sides, last one open.

When was the Great Mosque of Esfahan built?

Great Mosque of Eṣfahān, a complex of buildings in Eṣfahān, Iran, that centres on the 11th-century domed sanctuary and includes a second smaller domed chamber, built in 1088, known for its beauty of proportion and design. The central sanctuary was built under the direction of Niẓām al-Mulk, vizier

How big is the Masjid i Jami in Isfahan?

Figure 2. Detailed plan of Masjid-i-Jami’ showing the courtyard being inserted in the heart of the large prayer hall (sanctuary) and the four iwans leading to its four sides. The most significant work that survives in Iran is the Masjid-i-Jami at Isfahan.

Which is the most important mosque in Iran?

Iran has made great contributions to Muslim architecture culminating in the introduction of the cylindrical minaret form and the four-iwan plan. The most momentous work that survives in Iran is the Masjid-i-Jami at Isfahan. Figure 1.

When was the Grand Bazaar of Isfahan built?

The mosque was the result of continual construction, reconstruction, additions and renovations on the site from around 771 to the end of the 20th century. The Grand Bazaar of Isfahan can be found towards the southwest wing of the mosque. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2012.