Where is occipital area of head?

Where is occipital area of head?

The Occipital Lobe helps with visual processing and mapping. It is located under the parietal lobe and above the temporal lobe near the back of the brain.

Why does my occipital area hurt?

What causes occipital neuralgia? Occipital neuralgia may occur spontaneously, or as the result of a pinched nerve root in the neck (from arthritis, for example), or because of prior injury or surgery to the scalp or skull. Sometimes “tight” muscles at the back of the head can entrap the nerves.

What is an occipital?

The occipital bone is the most posterior cranial bone and the main bone of the occiput. It is considered a flat bone, like all other cranial bones, meaning that its primary function is either for protection or to provide a broad surface for muscle attachment. The scalp, which consists of five layers, covers the bone.

What are the signs and symptoms of occipital neuralgia?


  • Aching, burning, and throbbing pain that typically starts at the base of the head and goes to the scalp.
  • Pain on one or both sides of the head.
  • Pain behind the eye.
  • Sensitivity to light.
  • Tender scalp.
  • Pain when you move your neck.

What happens if occipital lobe is damaged?

Injury to the occipital lobes may lead to vision impairments such as blindness or blind spots; visual distortions and visual inattention. The occipital lobes are also associated with various behaviors and functions that include: visual recognition; visual attention; and spatial analysis.

Does caffeine help occipital neuralgia?

When you forget to drink your caffeine, those same blood vessels widen, increasing blood flow and putting pressure on your nerves. Because of this, people with occipital neuralgia should avoid caffeine.

How do you relax the occipital muscles?

Apply gentle pressure from your fingertips at the base of your skull. This massage can help calm tight muscles and release tension. You can also place a rolled towel under your head and neck as you lie down on your back. The pressure from the towel can provide a gentle massage.

What happens after occipital nerve block?

After an occipital nerve block, a patient can usually drive home and return to normal daily activities the following day. The effects of the local anesthetic may wear off in a few hours, but the effects of the steroid begin to increase over the next several days.

Where does the pain come from in an occipital headache?

Typically, occipital headache, referred to as occipital neuralgia, arises from the neck, more specifically the base of the skull and spreads to the area behind the eyes and the back, front and side of the head. If you are suffering from occipital headaches, the pain is likely to be a persistent,…

Where are the occipital nerves located in the head?

Emerging from between bones of the spine in the upper neck, the two greater occipital nerves make their way through muscles at the back of the head and into the scalp. They sometimes reach nearly as far forward as the forehead, but do not cover the face or the area near the ears; other nerves supply these regions.

Is there such a thing as Occipital neuralgia?

True isolated occipital neuralgia is actually quite rare. However, many other types of headaches —especially migraines — can predominantly or repeatedly involve the back of the head on one particular side, inflaming the greater occipital nerve on the involved side and causing confusion as to the actual diagnosis.

What causes pain in the back of the head?

Occipital neuralgia is a less understood but relatively common kind of headache. It is a severe, debilitating type of pain that begins in the neck and spreads up through the back of the head. The cause of the pain is irritation or injury to the occipital nerves which travel up from where the spine connects with the neck and head.