What is the transverse tarsal joint?

What is the transverse tarsal joint?

The transverse tarsal joint separates the rearfoot from the midfoot (see Fig. 11.1). This extensive joint consists of two separate articulations: the talonavicular joint and the calcaneocuboid joint. This pair of joints allows the midfoot to move independently of the rearfoot (i.e., the calcaneus and talus).

Where is the transverse tarsal joint?

The transverse tarsal joint, also called the midtarsal or Chopart’s joint, is made up of the joints between the calcaneus and cuboid, and the talus and navicular (Figure 1). It is the joint that connects the hindfoot to the midfoot.

What is the talar joint?

The talocalcaneal joint, also called the clinical subtalar joint, is an important and complex joint in the hindfoot that allows articulation of the talus and calcaneus.

What type of joint is Midtarsal joint?

transverse tarsal joints
Midtarsal (MT) Joint Also known as transverse tarsal joints or Chopart’s joint. It is an S-shaped joint when viewed from above. It consists of two joints – the Talonavicular Joint and Calcaneocuboid Joint.

What kind of joint is the transverse tarsal joint?

Transverse tarsal joint. Line through transverse tarsal joint. [edit on Wikidata] The transverse tarsal joint or midtarsal joint or Chopart’s joint is formed by the articulation of the calcaneus with the cuboid (the calcaneocuboid joint), and the articulation of the talus with the navicular (the talocalcaneonavicular joint).

Why is Rom lower in transverse tarsal joint?

In the transverse tarsal joint, the RoM for adduction/abduction is much less than that of eversion, due to the fact that the long axis of rotation is closer to being longitudinal than vertical. Dorsiflexion and plantarflexion of the subtalar and transverse tarsal joints occur around a mediolateral axis within the sagittal plane.

Can a MRI show an old transverse tarsal joint injury?

An MRI can reveal evidence of an old transverse tarsal joint injury (Chopart joint sprain) as once this joint has been injured the ligaments will likely remain thickened on MRI imaging -indicative of old injuries. Acute treatment of a sprain includes the use of anti-inflammatories and the RICE method to decrease pain and facilitate healing.

What are the two axes of rotation of the tarsal joint?

For the transverse tarsal joint, two axes of rotation have been described; a longitudinal axis which likes 15° upwards and anterior to the transverse plane, and 9° medial to the sagittal plane, and an oblique axis which is inclined 52° superior to the transverse plane and 57° medial to the sagittal plane.