What is the difference between meningocele and spina bifida?
When people talk about spina bifida, most often they are referring to myelomeningocele. Myelomeningocele is the most serious type of spina bifida. With this condition, a sac of fluid comes through an opening in the baby’s back. Part of the spinal cord and nerves are in this sac and are damaged.
What does spina bifida?
Spina bifida is when a baby’s spine and spinal cord does not develop properly in the womb, causing a gap in the spine. Spina bifida is a type of neural tube defect. The neural tube is the structure that eventually develops into the baby’s brain and spinal cord.
What are the 4 types of spina bifida?
There are four types of spina bifida: occulta, closed neural tube defects, meningocele, and myelomeningocele.
What is the meaning of myelomeningocele?
Myelomeningocele is a birth defect in which the backbone and spinal canal do not close before birth.
What’s the difference between meningocele and myelomeningovele?
Meningocele occurs very rarely at the rate of one per 5000 live births worldwide whereas myelomeningocele can affect as many as 1 out of every 800 babies. Meningocele is present both along the spinal cord and skull while myelomeningocele is only present along the spinal cord.
What’s the difference between meningocele and spina bifida?
Myelomeningocele is a type of spina bifida cystica characterized by the herniation of spinal cord contents and meninges through an abnormal defect in the backbone. Meningocele occurs very rarely at the rate of one per 5000 live births worldwide whereas myelomeningocele can affect as many as 1 out of every 800 babies.
What is the medical term for meningocele repair?
Meningocele repair. Definition. A meningocele repair is a surgical procedure performed to repair an abnormal opening in the spinal column (called spina bifida) by draining excess fluid and closing the opening.
Where does myelomeningocele occur in the lower back?
About 80% of myelomeningoceles occur at the lower back, where the lumbar and sacral regions join. Some people refer to myelomeningocele as spina bifida. Because of the exposed neural tissue, significant symptoms may be present.