What is a Codal?

What is a Codal?

CODAL – a small book, usually hardbound, which contains nearly all the laws pertaining to a branch/field of law. This codal in the picture is a codal in Revised Penal Code with Special Penal Laws. This is used for Criminal Law subjects.

What is Stafa?

Estafa is the legal term for the criminal offense of swindling. It is when someone represents themselvesas someone else or as someone who says they can do things they cannot, with such fraud resulting in the victim suffering damages. Note that estafa is different from theft.

What are exempting circumstances?

Exempting Circumstances- These are defenses where the accused committed a crime but is not criminally liable. There is a crime, and there is civil liability but no criminal. 1. The basis is the lack of any of the elements which makes the act/omission voluntary, i.e. freedom, intelligence, intent or due care.

What are the Afflictive penalties?

– A fine, whether imposed as a single or as an alternative penalty, shall be considered an afflictive penalty, if it exceeds 6,000 pesos; a correctional penalty, if it does not exceed 6,000 pesos but is not less than 200 pesos; and a light penalty if it be less than 200 pesos.

How does the Criminal Code of the Philippines apply?

Chapter 1 Applicability Section 1. No crime without law. There is no crime unless the act is defined and penalized by this Code or other laws at the time of commission. Criminal laws are prospective in application unless favorable to the accused. Section 2. Scope. This Code shall apply to: Territoriality 1.

What was the Family Code of the Philippines?

THE FAMILY CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES I, CORAZON C. AQUINO, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby order and promulgate the Family Code of the Philippines, as follows: Chapter 1. Requisites of Marriage Article 1.

What makes a person not a criminal in the Philippines?

A person compelled to act by reason of fear, intimidation, force, threat or some lawful cause does not incur criminal responsibility. Section 16. Imminent harm. A person who, acting to avoid an imminent harm, causes injury or damage does not incur criminal responsibility. Section 17. Persons responsible.

Which is the Criminal Procedure Code of Kenya?

CHAPTER 75 Revised Edition 2012 [2010] Published by the National Council for Law Reporting with the Authority of the Attorney-General www.kenyalaw.org [Rev. 2012] Criminal Procedure Code CAP. 75 C44 – 3[Issue 1]