What is subsurface runoff in the water cycle?

What is subsurface runoff in the water cycle?

Subsurface flow, in hydrology, is the flow of water beneath earth’s surface as part of the water cycle. The remaining water, through infiltration, penetrates the soil traveling underground, hydrating the vadose zone soil, recharging aquifers, with the excess flowing in subsurface runoff.

What does condensation mean in the water cycle?

water vapor
Condensation is the process by which water vapor in the air is changed into liquid water. These clouds may produce precipitation, which is the primary route for water to return to the Earth’s surface within the water cycle.

What are the 7 stages of the water cycle in order?

THE WATER CYCLE: A GUIDE FOR STUDENTS

  • Step 1: Evaporation. The water cycle begins with evaporation.
  • Step 2: Condensation. As water vaporizes into water vapor, it rises up in the atmosphere.
  • Step 3: Sublimation.
  • Step 4: Precipitation.
  • Step 5: Transpiration.
  • Step 6: Runoff.
  • Step 7: Infiltration.

What is subsurface runoff in the water cycle? The water cycle is the process responsible for the movement of water around the planet sustaining the lives of numerous organisms. The water cycle starts with liquid water turning to water vapor and rises to the atmosphere.

Why is condensation important to the water cycle?

Condensation and the Water Cycle. Condensation is the process by which water vapor in the air is changed into liquid water. Condensation is crucial to the water cycle because it is responsible for the formation of clouds. These clouds may produce precipitation, which is the primary route for water to return to the Earth’s surface within

Where does runoff go when it flows into a river?

Not all runoff flows into rivers; much of it soaks into the ground as infiltration. Some water infiltrates deep into the ground and replenishes aquifers, which can store freshwater for long periods of time. Some infiltration stays close to the land surface and can seep back into surface-water bodies (and the ocean) as groundwater discharge.

How does subsurface water return to the surface?

Subsurface water may return to the surface (e.g. as a spring or by being pumped) or eventually seep into the oceans. Water returns to the land surface at lower elevation than where it infiltrated, under the force of gravity or gravity induced pressures.