Who defined metabolic syndrome?

Who defined metabolic syndrome?

The expression, ‘make it as simple as possible, but not simpler’ has been attributed to Albert Einstein. Following this principle, the current definitions of metabolic syndrome may be distilled into four central features: insulin resistance, visceral obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia and endothelial dysfunction.

Which criteria must be met for a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome?

You are diagnosed with metabolic syndrome if you have three or more of the following: A waistline of 40 inches or more for men and 35 inches or more for women (measured across the belly) A blood pressure of 130/85 mm Hg or higher or are taking blood pressure medications. A triglyceride level above 150 mg/dl.

What are the five signs of metabolic syndrome?

The five signs

  • A large waist. Carrying excess fat around your waist, in particular, is a large risk factor.
  • A high triglyceride level.
  • Reduced HDL or “good” cholesterol.
  • Increased blood pressure.
  • Elevated fasting blood sugar.

Who can diagnose metabolic syndrome?

Your doctor will diagnose metabolic syndrome based on the results of a physical exam and blood tests. You must have at least three of the five metabolic risk factors to be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome.

How is metabolic syndrome defined by the who?

The metabolic syndrome was defined using the ATP-III guidelines ( 5) and WHO ( 8) criteria separately.

What is the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the US?

By using the definition of metabolic syndrome from the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the National Cholesterol Education Program, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome is estimated at more than 30% in the United States; however, by using the Adult Treatment Panel criteria, prevalence is estimated at about 22% (14–16).

Is the metabolic syndrome a risk factor for CVD?

The National Cholesterol Education Program’s Adult Treatment Panel III report (ATP III) 1 identified the metabolic syndrome as a multiplex risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that is deserving of more clinical attention. The cardiovascular community has responded with heightened awareness and interest.

How are Sociodemographic factors related to metabolic syndrome?

To assess sociodemographic differences in the prevalence and trends of metabolic syndrome, we included the variables age, race/ethnicity, education, and poverty to income ratio (PIR).