Who are the Twelvers and what do they believe?

Who are the Twelvers and what do they believe?

The Twelvers is a branch of Shi’a Islam whose followers believe that there were twelve imams after the death of Muhammad. The 12th imam, however, has been kept alive by God and is hidden somewhere on Earth. Shi’a Muslims believe the 12th imam will one day make himself known and bring equality to all.

What do the Twelvers believe?

The Twelvers believe that the spiritual-politico leadership of the community (the Imamate) was transferred down through ʿAli’s male descendants until the twelfth Imam, understood to have been born in 869. He is believed to be the Mahdi, and understood to be alive but in hiding from a few years after his birth.

What is twelvers in Islam?

The term Twelver refers to its adherents’ belief in twelve divinely ordained leaders, known as the Twelve Imams, and their belief that the last Imam, Imam al-Mahdi, lives in occultation and will reappear as the promised Mahdi.

How can you tell between Sunni and Shia?

Those who followed the Prophet’s closest companion (Abu Bakr) became known as Sunni (the followers of the Prophet’s example – Sunnah). Those who followed the Prophet’s cousin and son-in-law (‘Ali) became known as Shi’a (the followers of the Party of ‘Ali – Shi’atu Ali).

Who is the God of Druze?

Druze follow the teachings of al-Hakim bi-Amrih Alla In 1009, near Cairo, Egypt, al-Hakim bi-Amrih Alla declared himself to be an earthly incarnation of God. While most of the Shi’a Muslims living nearby vehemently rejected his holiness, small groups of followers began to follow him, giving rise to the first Druze.

Who was Prophet Muhammad’s successor?

Abu Bakr
Most of the prominent Muslims of Medina claimed that Muhammad had named no successor and elected Abu Bakr, the Prophet’s closest advisor and companion, as the first caliph (successor).

What is Khoja Shia?

The Khojas (Sindhi: خواجه ، خوجا، خواجا‎; Gujarati: ખોજા) are a mainly Nizari Isma’ili Shia community of people originating in India. Derived from the Persian Khwaja, a term of honor,the word Khoja is used to refer to Lohana Rajputs who converted to Islam.

Where does the term Taqiyyah come from in Islam?

Alternative Title: taqīyah. Taqiyyah, in Islam, the practice of concealing one’s belief and foregoing ordinary religious duties when under threat of death or injury. Derived from the Arabic word waqa (“to shield oneself”), taqiyyah defies easy translation.

When is taqiyya permissible according to Shia doctrine?

According to Shia doctrine, taqiyya is permissible in situations where there is overwhelming danger of loss of life or property and where no danger to religion would occur thereby. Taqiyya has also been politically legitimised, particularly among Twelver Shias, in order to maintain unity among Muslims and fraternity among the Shia clerics.

Is the practice of taqiya allowed in Sunni Islam?

The practice is much less prominent in Sunni Islam, but may be permitted under certain circumstances such as threats to life.

How is Taqwa related to Kitman in Islam?

For example, the term taqwa generally means “piety” (lit. “fear [of God]”) in an Islamic context. A related term is kitmān – the “action of covering, dissimulation”. While the terms taqiyya and kitmān may be used synonymously, kitmān refers specifically to the concealment of one’s convictions by silence or omission.