What is Gaius Marius known for?
Gaius Marius (Latin: [ˈɡaːijʊs ˈmarijʊs]; c. 157 BC – 13 January 86 BC) was a Roman general, politician, and statesman. Victor of the Cimbric and Jugurthine wars, he held the office of consul an unprecedented seven times during his career. He was also noted for his important reforms of Roman armies.
Was Gaius Gracchus a good tribune?
He cleared himself with ease and in 122 was elected to serve as a tribune for the following year. Gaius used his celebrated oratory, considered to be the best in Rome, to attack his opponents at every chance and frequently lamented the fate of his brother Tiberius.
What happened Gaius Gracchus?
A mob was then raised to assassinate Gaius. Knowing that his own death was imminent, Gaius committed suicide on the Aventine Hill in 121 BCE.
Who opposed Gaius Gracchus?
The law was opposed by Gaius Fannius, whom he had supported for the consulship, and by Livius Drusus (1), who outbid him with an unrealistic colonial programme. It was defeated, and Gracchus was not re-elected. In 121, with his legislation under attack, Gracchus, supported by Flaccus, resorted to armed insurrection.
What was the result of Gaius Gracchi’s death?
After Gaius’s death, thousands of his supporters were arrested and summarily executed. Beginning with the Gracchi brothers’ troubles to the end of the Roman Republic, personalities dominated Roman politics; major battles were not with foreign powers, but internal civil ones. Violence became a common political tool.
Who was the elder of the Gracchi brothers?
The elder son, Tiberius, was a distinguished soldier, known for his heroism during the Third Punic Wars (147–146 BCE) when he was the first Roman to scale Carthage’s walls and live to tell the tale. Tiberius Gracchus Works for Land Reform Tiberius Gracchus (163–133 BCE) was eager to distribute land to the workers.
What was the purpose of the Gracchus law?
A law forbidding the establishment of political tribunals by the Senate without the sanction of the Assembly was intended to prevent a recurrence of the judicial murders committed by the political court set up to punish the supporters of Tiberius in 132.