Where is the tibiofemoral joint located?
The tibiofemoral joint is a hinge synovial joint that joins the distal femur to the proximal tibia. The articulation occurs between the medial and lateral femoral condyles and the tibial condyles. The medial and lateral menisci increase the depth and stability, and compressive force bearing and absorption of the joint.
What is a tibiofemoral joint?
The tibiofemoral joint is where the femur meets the tibia. It includes intra-articular structures such as the menisci and cruciate ligaments (ACL and PCL) and extracapsular structure such as the collateral ligaments (MCL and LCL).
What bones form the tibiofemoral joint?
The femur and tibia articulate to form the tibiofemoral joint, which is the main “hinge” joint of the knee.
What is the function of the tibiofemoral joint?
The tibiofemoral (knee) joint allows 2 degrees of freedom, flexion and extension, and internal and external rotation. Flexion and extension occur in the sagittal plane about a medial-lateral axis of rotation. Motion occurs from about 5 degrees of knee hyperextension to about 130 to 140 degrees of flexion.
What are the parts of the tibiofemoral joint?
The knee, also known as the tibiofemoral joint, is a synovial hinge joint formed between three bones: the femur, tibia, and patella. Two rounded, convex processes (known as condyles) on the distal end of the femur meet two rounded, concave condyles at the proximal end of the tibia.
What type of movement is the tibiofemoral joint?
The movements of the condyles are described from hyperextension to full passive flexion. Medially the condyle hardly moves antero-posteriorly from 0 degrees to 120 degrees but the contact area transfers from an anterior pair of tibio-femoral surfaces at 10 degrees to a posterior pair at about 30 degrees .
What are the motions of the tibiofemoral joint?
What movement does the tibiofemoral joint allow?
The medial and lateral tibiofemoral joints, between the condyles of the femur and condyles of the tibia, are modified hinge joints that allow for knee extension and flexion. During these movements, the condyles of the femur both roll and glide over the surface of the tibia.
What are the parts of the tibiofemoral joint quizlet?
The parts of the tibiofemoral joint include the following:
- sesamoid bone (patella or kneecap)
- media collateral ligament (MCL)
- lateral collateral ligament (LCL)
- anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
- posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)
What muscles make up the tibiofemoral joint?
This is a group of four muscles: (vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius, vastus medialis, and rectus femoris) located on the front of the thigh. These muscles are connected to the knee joint via the quadriceps tendon.
How does the tibiofemoral joint move?
The tibiofemoral joint is an articulation between the tibia and the femur, while the patellofemoral joint is an articulation between the patella and the femur. As a hinged joint, the knee joint mostly allows movement along one axis in terms of flexion and extension of the knee in the sagittal plane.
What is a tibiofemoral dislocation?
A tibiofemoral dislocation is the formal name for a dislocated knee. It’s a fairly rare injury, but a serious one. A tibiofemoral dislocation can cause damage to the structures that support your knee. This may result in joint instability, which can be a long-term problem.