What causes contrast in ultrasound?
When gas bubbles are caught in an ultrasonic frequency field, they compress, oscillate, and reflect a characteristic echo- this generates the strong and unique sonogram in contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Gas cores can be composed of air, or heavy gases like perfluorocarbon, or nitrogen.
What contrast is used for ultrasound?
SonoVue is a purely intravascular contrast agent, therefore it allows assessment of the vascularity and non-specific contrast agent retention of lesions. Due to its widespread approval, it is by far the most commonly utilized ultrasound contrast agent currently.
What is contrast-enhanced ultrasound used for?
Abdominal contrast-enhanced ultrasound, also called CEUS, is an ultrasound examination that uses gas-filled microbubbles to better visualize organs and blood vessels within the abdomen and pelvis, including the liver, spleen, kidneys, pancreas, bowel and bladder.
What would you need as a property of an ideal ultrasound contrast agent?
The ideal ultrasound contrast agent would be: (a) nontoxic; (b) injectable intravenously; (c) capable of passing through the pulmonary, cardiac and capillary circulations; and (d) stable for recirculation. A variety of potential ultrasound contrast agents have been or are now under development.
When to use luminal contrast medium or neat contrast?
It is important that luminal contrast medium, when used for CT, is appropriately diluted (~5-10%) (cf. fluoroscopy when neat contrast is used). Water-soluble contrast agents are generally preferred to avoid the risk of chemical peritonitis, that may occur when barium sulfate contrast medium leaks into the peritoneal cavity.
What is the meaning of CF in text?
The abbreviation cf. (short for the Latin: confer/conferatur, both meaning “compare”) is used in writing to refer the reader to other material to make a comparison with the topic being discussed. It is used to form a contrast, for example: “Abbott (2010) found supportive results in her memory experiment, unlike those of previous work (cf.
When to use CF or CF in APA?
Use “cf.” to contrast; to compare like things, use “see” or “see also.” e.g., “for example,” (abbreviation for exempli gratia Some studies (e.g., Jenkins & Morgan, 2010; Macmillan, 2009) have supported this conclusion. Others—for example, Chang (2004)—disagreed. Always put a comma after. etc. “and so on” or “and so forth” (abbreviation for
Is there a difference between CF and see?
There is a distinction between see and cf.; use cf. only to mean ‘compare’ or ‘see, by way of comparison’. ^ a b Bengtson, Peter. “Open Nomenclature” (PDF). Palaeontology. Retrieved 19 March 2015.