What are three requirements for infection to spread?
Transmission of infection touching contaminated objects or eating contaminated food – the pathogens in a person’s faeces may be spread to food or other objects, if their hands are dirty. skin-to-skin contact – the transfer of some pathogens can occur through touch, or by sharing personal items, clothing or objects.
What are 3 precautions you can take to prevent communicable infections?
Learn, practice, and teach healthy habits.
- #1 Handle & Prepare Food Safely. Food can carry germs.
- #2 Wash Hands Often.
- #3 Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces.
- #4 Cough and Sneeze into a Tissue or Your Sleeve.
- #5 Don’t Share Personal Items.
- #6 Get Vaccinated.
- #7 Avoid Touching Wild Animals.
- #8 Stay Home When Sick.
What communicable diseases must be reported?
Diseases reportable to the CDC include:
- Arboviral diseases (diseases caused by viruses spread by mosquitoes, sandflies, ticks, etc.) such as West Nile virus, eastern and western equine encephalitis.
How can you limit exposure to communicable diseases?
Wash your hands often with soap and water. Home is where you stay when you are sick. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth –especially when you are sick. Cover your coughs and sneezes so you do not spread germs to others.
How to prevent infection in an outpatient setting?
Prioritize cleaning and disinfection of the rooms of patients on contact precautions ensuring rooms are frequently cleaned and disinfected (e.g., at least daily or prior to use by another patient if outpatient setting) focusing on frequently-touched surfaces and equipment in the immediate vicinity of the patient.
Is the CDC’s infection prevention and control guidance applicable to all settings?
Yes. To keep patients and healthcare personnel (HCP) healthy and safe, CDC’s infection prevention and control guidance applies to all settings where healthcare is delivered. However, as with any guidance, facilities can tailor certain recommendations to their setting.
How are transmission-based precautions used in infection control?
Transmission-Based Precautions are the second tier of basic infection control and are to be used in addition to Standard Precautions for patients who may be infected or colonized with certain infectious agents for which additional precautions are needed to prevent infection transmission. Source: Guideline for Isolation Precautions.
Which is the second tier of infection control?
Transmission-Based Precautions are the second tier of basic infection control and are to be used in addition to Standard Precautions for patients who may be infected or colonized with certain infectious agents for which additional precautions are needed to prevent infection transmission. Source: Guideline for Isolation Precautions